ISONG Asian / Far East Region
Regional Ambassador - Japan
Michiko Mizoguchi, PN, Ph.D
The healthcare systems in place
In Japan, everyone has public health insurance. The health insurance systems that workers subscribe to include Health Insurance managed by the Health Insurance Society, which consists of the employees of enterprises, and the Japan Health Insurance Association- managed Health Insurance, which diversifies the risk using payments from all the workers of small- and medium-sized enterprises. In addition, National Health Insurance is a health insurance system that is operated by municipalities, etc. and to which people who do not have any other insurance plan subscribe to. Furthermore, people aged 75 or older subscribe to the late-stage medical care system for the elderly.
As described above, everyone is covered by some form of public insurance system and thus can receive necessary medical services at low cost by paying certain insurance premiums and co-payments (10% to 30%) at reception desks. In addition, “free access”, which means that everyone can receive medical services at any medical institution nationwide, is also a characteristic of the Japanese health insurance system. (Reference)
People’s health and lives are protected by the universal health insurance system that benefit from having established a society in which everyone can receive high quality medical services at a certain cost regardless of their income or type of work.
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare’s Pamphlet
URL:http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/health-medical/health-insurance/dl/health_insurance_bureau.pdf [Cited 1 Jun 2017]